It was time i'd interview Niklas Roy! Jonah Brucker-Cohen had a fantastic talk with him for gizmodo but that was 4 years ago. And there are video portraits about Niklas Roy online but there are in a language i can't quite master. Niklas is one of the most facetious characters of the 'new media art' world. His dance machine without 'annoying Dj", moving curtain, 'distributed' fountains, white cube gallery in a box, physical teapot inside a Commodore cabinet or his electromechanical version of the game Pong are certainly witty, absurd and at times, even hilarious. But don't let the jesting fool you. Behind the playfulness of Roy's machines, lay much irony and lucidity about the world of art & tech he belongs to.
Hi, Niklas! Why do you feel the need to invent 'useless things'?
Well, I guess that engineers and designers which usually invent machines and devices mainly do that in order to solve a problem with their inventions. Or they want to make an existing process more efficient with the help of technology. But such efficiency-driven approaches exclude a vast field of possible inventions. I find it very interesting to explore this field as it promises to be very free.
Do you really believe that your works are useless?
Somehow, my creations often end up in art exhibitions. So the question is, how useless is art? I strongly believe that art is useful for the health of society in some sort of balancing way. From that point of view, my machines might be a bit useful.
It is a bit daunting to interview you. I'm not sure i can trust any of your answers. Especially after having had a look at the WIA < > WIA project for which a fictitious African artist set up an installation that consisted of a public toilet in Linz, that appeared to be hooked up via Internet to an African village's well. Why did you chose to trick ars electronica? Was it really a spoof? Surely they must have known there was something fishy in the work?
Ars Electronica is the leading Media Arts institution. Their pole position makes them define trends and create hypes. Unfortunately, I often cannot agree to those hypes - which feeds the rebel in me.
Melissa's - let's call it 'performance' - started when Ars Electronica released a 'call for proposals' for an exhibition as part of Linz' culture capital program. This open call was more or less a very clear wish list of what they'd like to show. This open call would have made a good briefing for companies which focus on designing interactive installations. But it was not suitable to address artists which should stimulate the society by expressing their own positions. My application as African artist Melissa Fatoumata Touré began as a little fun experiment. I submitted precisely what Ars Electronica asked for and spiced it up with some toilet humour. I wanted to know how they'd react to such a rather ridiculous submission. It worked out far better than I thought: As I heard later, Melissa's toilet project was the first that got accepted by the jury - and they were even a bit sad that the other submissions didn't even come close to the 'quality' of Melissas proposal. Well, this is what the jury said.
To answer your last two questions: As far as I know, the organizers really had no clue what was going on until Melissa presented her work via Skype and with a live video broadcast from her uncle's internetcafé in Africa. That happened about three weeks after the opening of the exhibition, as far as I remember. But you should not forget that they've never seen Melissa before this presentation. It was all organized just via email and phone calls. There was a lot of imagination involved. On both sides actually: I also could just imagine what the organizers in Linz would think about Melissa. And during the long process of preparing the exhibition and the installation, I often had the feeling that Ars Electronica wouldn't believe Melissa's identity anymore and that they're already playing with me.
I like your explanation of why Melissa is 'the perfect dream of every new media curator.' And i couldn't help but smirk at 'her ideas are distilled media art mainstream.' Could you elaborate on this? What are 'distilled media art mainstream' ideas? Do i perceive a certain disenchantment/fatigue with media art theories and ideas? Or am i completely wrong?
I'm not even sure if ideas and theory play such a big role if you want to become successful in this field. Here are some simple lessons that I've learned so far:
1st: Don't be an artist. You should be an architect or have a background in biology, or something else more or less unrelated. Melissa was actually a computer scientist. Talking about Melissa: Your gender also plays a role. Being a woman beats being a man, as women are extremely underrepresented in this field.
2nd: No matter what you're really up to, I can recommend you to also make some experimental electronic music. This adds an interesting layer to your personality. Your level of musicality doesn't matter as that's the point where the experimental part starts.
3rd: Buzzwords and -topics are your friends and your source of inspiration. You might consider to become active in the fields of biotech, sustainability or, of course, Facebook.
You explain that you created the Vektron modular because sometimes you need to listen to some strange zoundz. That sounds (to me at least) like a lot of work just for the sake of listening to some strange zoundz. I was wondering how often you create a work just for your own amusement. How much are you influenced by the possible feedback from public, the future reaction of the audience during the creative process? Do you give it much importance when you are developing a new work?
Building this synthesizer was actually an attempt to add an interesting layer to my personality. But I didn't want to write it so clear on my webpage, as this would have caused the reverse effect. Ok, now serious: I regard the development of things like this experimental Synthesizer as both, spare time fun and hands on research. I do that as often as possible as it often leads me to new ideas. The hard thing is actually to organize life an a way that you have so much spare time where you can work really free.
I was very impressed by the little video documenting the Reinventing Television workshop you headed a the Valand Art School in Gothenburg. Can you take us through a couple of projects that turned old tv sets into 'storytelling machines'?
This was really a nice workshop. Anna Kindvall, one of the directors of Malmö's Electrohype biennial was teacher there at that time and invited me. The idea was to take old TV's and build new machines inside or with them. I often built TV's out of cardboard boxes when I was a child and don't get me wrong, now, but I think when something was a lot of fun to do in childhood, it's always nice to make the same things with art students.
My Little Piece of Privacy is a curtain that moves along your studio window to protect you from the gaze of passersby and achieves precisely the opposite. I have the feeling that it is also the kind of idea that the 'creatives' in advertising and communication agencies would love to steal for their clients. Has anything like that ever happened to you? Have people from advertising ever approached you with a request to adapt one of your projects for their client? Is it something you'd be happy to do?
This installation is indeed an amazing attention-magnet. But the installation makes so much sense because it is just about a little hyperactive curtain. If the curtain would be replaced by a moving advertisement, it would be just poor. Maybe the 'creatives' which wanted to steal the idea also realized that. At least they didn't contact me and I haven't heard of any spin-offs, yet.
I guess the previous question calls for the upcoming one: The first time i saw your work was at Transmediale where you were showing Pongmechanik. You were still a student at the udk in Berlin at the time. As far as i can see you're still a happy independent artist doing exactly what takes his fancy. How do you do that? Do you have any advice for talented media art students who would like to actually have a career as media artist and not as 'creative' doing websites for an 'interactive design' company?
I think I answered that already in two different ways: My personal trick is mainly to organize life in a way that I have a lot of time (and at least enough money) to work on things that I find interesting. Working in a company will not really help, as this takes too much time.
How did you start being involved in media art? What attracted you in this field?
It was actually many years ago, when a friend took me for my first time to the Transmediale. I was working in the film business at that time, creating visual effects for feature films. This Transmediale visit caused two things: On the one hand, I've never seen so many interesting installations at one place before. I loved the way how technology was used in this very creative way. And on the other hand, I saw that there's plenty of space to make even more interesting things with technology. That's why I started to get involved in this field.
I saw the International Dance Party once in an exhibition in Amsterdam. i was alone in the room and could afford to throw away any kind of inhibition. But you must have witnessed the effect it has on a group of people. How do people react to it usually? Are they very self-conscious? Or rather extrovert?
Like the curtain, the IDP works amazingly well. But of course, there's a little bit of chain reaction involved. If one person starts to dance, it doesn't take long until the whole room takes off. The sad thing about this is, that I really like how the machine opens and closes and how it transforms its shape. People which are just dancing don't recognize that, as the installation always stays in full party mode. If that's the case, I sometimes try to convince the people to stop dancing. First they don't approve my suggestion, but if they do, they love the installation even more afterwards.
Has anyone ever bought the Beginner Set "Junior IDP"?
That's my main income!
Any upcoming project or exhibition that you'd like to share with us?
Yes, there's this exhibition in Barcelona's DHUB opening soon. The vernissage is on June 21st.
And then, there's another exhibition, called 'Paranoia' which is still going on in Lille's Gare St. Sauveur. Charles Carcopino curated this really great show. I can 100% recommend it and it's still running until 15th of August.
Photography used on the homepage is by Martin W. Maier.
A few days ago, i was at La Cantine in Paris to cover and be a member of the jury of the second edition of the ArtGame Weekend. Artists, graphic designers, musicians, interaction designers, engineers, VJ's and coders were given 48 hours to develop a game for mobile devices.
On Friday evening, 36 participants - most of them had never met each other - submitted their ideas for a game. They had then 20 minutes to discuss what the 6 most exciting proposals were and built teams around these 6 winning ideas.
The remaining hours were dedicated to collaborating on a game that had to be playable, playful, original, suitable for mobile platforms and have some art credentials (although the definition of that particular point was rightly left to their discretion.) Participants were provided with food, sofas, coaches to guide them and a team of hosts.
The 6 teams worked day...
The winner last year was Générations, a game that a sole person will never have the time to finish since it has to be passed on from one generation to another and thus be played over several decades.
I didn't have particularly high expectations before the Sunday presentation. I had heard some interesting ideas on the first night but then i thought "how much can you do over 48 hours?" A lot as we discovered. I had a fantastic time reviewing the projects together with the other members of the jury: designer slash researcher slash developer Damien Djaouti, Sylvain Huguet, co-founder of Dardex-Mort2Faim, and of the festival GAMERZ and Fabien Delpiano, founder of Pastagames. Here we are during the public presentation:
After the presentations, we (=the jury) were led together with a great choice of antipasti in a room to play and decide.
The game we liked the best was "Gone" and if i tell you that it is simply about death and has the player run for their life until they ineluctably die, you might not find the concept highly exciting. But as developer writes "It really needs to be played to be understood. If I had to sum it up in a sentence I'd say "embrace the calm inevitability of death". The design was impeccable, the sound design was flawless and the game was extremely absorbing. It was an unpretentious game but there was nothing we wanted to change about it. Bravo to Claire Sistach, Romain Bonnin, Caesar Espojo Pham, Fabien Cazenabe, Lionel Jabre, Lise George and William Dyce.
Another game that deserves a mention asks players to keep a nuclear power plant in their pocket. As its name indicates, Fukushimagotchi was inspired by the Fukushima accident. The nuclear plant quietly grows and thrives inside your pocket but if you climb the stairs too fast, jump or let the phone fall, the nuclear power plant will suffer from the instability it immediately perceives and will start releasing radiations in the environment. The team explained us that they plan to make the game geolocative so that the radiations in Paris will not only be mapped but can also be detected by your device as you go through the city. The team members for the project were Lucas Grolleau, Cedric Liang, Josselin Perrus, Marc Planard, Johan Spielmann, Jet Ung with Cedric Pinson.
Then there was Baby Boom. The team have created a game that simulates a woman giving birth. Very graphic, very politically incorrect.
The game Colossus is very promising. Players use their index and medium finger to 'walk' on the screen. Like a Godzilla terrifying a whole city. You can chose to either destroy the buildings and crush people. The city will then rebuild itself slowly after your passage. Or you can decide to spare everyone but your stroll will get more difficult as the game proceeds since you will encounter more and more houses and people to avoid.
Riley showed me What It Is Without the Hand That Wields It, a piece which has been touring the festivals and exhibitions almost non-stop since 2008. I obviously felt deeply humiliated not to have come across it before.
What It Is Without the Hand That Wields It is one of those game-based pieces where the actions of online players have consequences on the physical space (see Domestic Tension for example or in a more imaginary way, John-Paul Bichard's Evidencia series.) It is also a work that is so simple and effective you wonder why no one thought about it before.
While exonemo's UN-DEAD-LINK translated digitized and symbolized death into the 'screaming' and motion of everyday devices, Riley Harmon went for the visceral and powerful experience. Each time a player dies in a game of Counter-strike, a popular online first person shooter, electronic solenoid valves open up and dispense a small amount of fake blood. The trails left down the wall create a physical manifestation of virtual kills, bridging the two realities. During the show's run players who have a copy of Counter-Strike can join the game and spill more blood over the walls and floor of the exhibition space:
The installation will be on view this Fall at Nikolaj, Copenhagen Contemporary Art Center. It will then travel to Istanbul, location TBA.
Don't miss Harmon's Passengers video series. Some are still works in progress, others are already on the homepage of his website. I laugh each time is see them. Laugh and feel uncomfortable too. The artist cut scenes from Hollywood movies, removed one of the two characters sitting in a car and took his place. Except that he's not participating in the dialogue nor displaying a facial expression that would match the scene in any way. Here's an example:
Just a quick post to explain this long-ish silence. I miss you readers but right now i'm wrapped up inside a Book Sprint, a one week-long collective authoring of a book. The first Book Sprint edition was launched in Berlin during Transmediale. Titled Collaborative Futures, it was written by some of the smartest people i know. Following in their footsteps is a humbling experience. The Book Sprint i'm participating to is directed by the lovely Andrea Grover, as part of her research fellowship at the STUDIO for Creative Inquiry at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Our A/S/T Book Sprint explores the work of contemporary artists who are working at the intersection of art/science/technology, with a focus on the recent shift from artist/inventor dependent on industry or academy (as embodied by pioneering programs from the 1960s such as Art and Technology at LACMA and Experiments in Art & Technology), to independent agent (artists conducting scientific research or technological experiments outside the framework and discourse of an institution).
I'm in delightful and talented company: Claire L. Evans is an art and science writer who actually makes a living as a pop star. Pablo Garcia explores the spatial arts--architecture, design, and the visual and performing arts, in a variety of scales. His portfolio is as impressive as his knowledge of the history of the A/S/T field. Andrea also had the bright idea of involving graphic designers Jessica Young, and Luke Bulman from Thumb in the whole production process. It's a blessing to be able to spy so closely on the working activity of these two.
And yes, the show is every bit as fun as it looks.
More updates soon.
By now you have probably realized that i keep going back and forth between the various art and design events i attended over the past few weeks. Today i return to the GAMERZ festival in Aix-en-Provence because 1. i want to remind you that this truly unique event is going to close on Sunday 2. i just interviewed the lovely and very frenchy Isabelle Arvers who not only curated a machinima show for the GAMERZ exhibition but is also one of the most respected experts in art and video games, 8it music and free + opensource culture in France.
The program of machinimas is currently exhibited at Arcade Paca, an agency for performing art in Aix-en-Provence. Isabelle's selection is remarkably diversified. Some of the machinimas comment on current social issues, others have a critical view on the very game platforms they are using. Other again play with the codes that produce the synthetic universes. Some are sarcastic, other are poetical.
Since i had the chance to catch up with Isabelle i had her talk about her curatorial work for GAMERZ but also about the machinima scene in her country.
Can you tell us something about the machinima scene in France? Who are its actors but also how well is the genre received both by the broad public and by cultural institutions in the country?
I began to show machinimas in 2005. It was at the Pompidou Center, in a show untitled Machinima vs Demos and we invited Burnie Burns to talk about the serial Red vs Blue, which helped the machinima movement to become famous. The same year, Xavier Lardy created the website Machinima.fr
It was just three years after the first machinima film festival edition in New York. At that time there was very few French machinimas. Alex Chan directed his political machinima The French Democracy in 2005 just after the French riots. But to give you an idea of how this movement was mostly anglo saxon, he subtitled it in english and then posted it on the Movies website. One year later, Bill & John, an other French machinima, directed by KBS Productions won many prices in machinima festivals.
During those years the French machinima scene was quite reduced, or was more intended to emerge in the amateur short film scene (and was mostly narrative). But since 2008, a new scene has been growing. Now we can talk about a French scene. Along the amateur scene, some artists began to work with machinima : like Benjamin Nuel, Nicolas Boone or Les Riches Douaniers.
Also something quite boring is now happening : some young directors make machinima to become famous and to be able to say that they are movie makers... Really strange for me who thinks that what is interesting in machinima is the reverse engineering part in it.
Anyway, from 2005 to 2008, some festivals like the Flash Festival or the Animation film festival in Annecy, asked me to curate special machinima programs. Also, there is a machinima section inside the Short film festival in Clermont Ferrand. Nemo festival is also showing machinima, first by inviting the machinima section of the Bitfilm Festival in Hambourg, then also by asking me to curate programs or with the invitation of Chris Burke, the talented and great director of This Spartan LIfe, the talk show shot in Halo 2 & 3.
So we can say that there is some interest for the machinimas by the institutions. Since 2009, Margherita Balzerani is also organizing the Atopic film festival, first intended to be a festival related to virtual universes it then became a machinima festival last year with the help of Xavier Lardy. As for the festival last year, I am part of the jury of this festival and the selection this year is quite interesting because there are less films directed in Second Life, regarding last year, which is a good point for me!!
About the audience, we began with 13 people in the room and now we can fill big venues, that's great...
What guided your curatorial choices for the selection of machinimas you are presenting at Gamerz? Did you pick up the best machinimas you had seen over the past few months/years? Or were you guided by a particular theme? Or else by a desire to show the versatility of the genre in 9 films?
Normally, when i curate a machinima program, i try to show the diversity of the genre, while presenting, narrative, humorist short films, artistic or experimental movies, documentaries, adds, video clips, etc Often I am in the discovery perspective and want to show what is possible to do in movie making with games. But this year, I wanted to be a bit more radical and wanted to show more engaged videos. Some of them like Participation or Google Stooge are critical about Second Life, social networks or digital marketing. I was also very interested by the work of David Griffith (which is really beautiful) as it is the result of a live coding performance. Also I was attracted by the work of Julian Oliver while it is the result of a glitch. Then, there are few French machinimas movies by Benjamin Nuel, Les Riches Douaniers or Frédéric Nakache which are meditative, or like live portraits... I also love the work of William Flink: very short and abstract films, i really like his universe.
Some of the works you have selected seem to have a fairly critical view on the virtual worlds they engage with. Can you comment on this 'orientation'?
As i wanted something new, i decided to contact the Piksel mailing list as I was part of Piksel, the free and open source software festival in Bergen, Norway some years ago. That is how i found Participation by Linda , and the videos by Julian Oliver and David Griffith. This is how i chooses to make part of my selection. I think that the artist network is always the best to find deep good artworks...
I also just wrote an article about machinimas for a book edited by Norie Neumark (Cheats or glitch ? Voice as a game modification in Machinima) in which i compare machinima to situationists movies, while defining voice in machinimas as a game modification. Mass consumption objects are often really good to give critical point of views to a broader audience!!!
The GAMERZ festival seems to be pretty unique to me. Not only if one looks at France but also at the rest of Europe. How have you seen it evolve over its very short existence?
Thanks for them! Really! and i absolutely share your point of view. There is an international game art scene (Cory Arcangel, Eddo Stern, Alex Galloway, Mathias Fuchs, Margarete Jahrman, etc.) that you often find in game art exhibits. They are the "names" in that scene. What is interesting in Gamerz is that it not only focuses on game and art but also on fun, ludic and interactive artworks. The artists are often emerging artists, not so famous, but with a very deep critical view of the artworld and information society. I think that this festival is great because it is the result of a huge work to find artists thanks to an artistic network. Always the best artists are found and invited by other artists. Dardex M2F is an artists collective, it is like that that we first met. Anne Roquigny a friend of mine who works for the laboratory Locus Sonus at the Art school of Aix-en-Provence advised me to meet them some years ago, because they were just out of that school at that time. We immediately decided to work together and i joined them for the third or fourth edition...
First the festival began in an art gallery and grew each year. When we first met, the budget was really tiny, now it is getting better and looks like a "respectable" festival, a parcours of artworks with a very diverse selection. This year I particularly enjoyed the work of Labomedia and also of Selma... i found it very sensitive.
What is nice also is the work done with La Maison Numérique in Aix-en-Provence. Dardex decided to create a production place to invite artists in residence, they work at la Maison Numérique and sleep at the Vazarely Foundation. It is really important as we are so poor in France for digital art production. Since the CICV disappeared we don't have real production place for digital art which is very sad for a country like France.
Any upcoming project of yours (exhibition, performance, articles, workshopes, etc) you'd like to share with us?
Thanks for asking it!! So, this year I am preparing two exhibitions. One in Marseille at the Library Alcazar in March 2011 : a retro gaming exhibition untitled Game Heroes. There will be also an other exhibit related to game art, reverse engineering and machinimas : le Salon Numérique at La Maison Populaire in April 2011.
Tonight, I am showing a new WJ-S performance (project by Anne Roquigny) about retro gaming with a Game Boy music set by Confipop (tonight at Seconde Nature for the Festival Gamerz), then, we will give WJ-S workshops with Anne in France in 2011 (Valenciennes.)
I am also really happy to make machinima workshops with youngsters from the suburb area. I began them in October and each time I work with a collaborator : Benjamin Nuel for a machinima workshop in Lyon coordinated by a contemporary music scene, L'épicerie moderne. I also work with Alutt, the administrator of the French community website of the Movies. We are both working on machinima workshops in Strasbourg, on the invitation of Ososphère, a digital music and art festival. In january, I will give a new machinima workshop at the Pompidou Center, in the new teenager gallery which is at the level -1 of the Center. This time I will give it with my partner: Emmanuel Mayoud.
I am really happy about those workshops, it has been so many years that i wanted to create that. I contacted so many institutions to do it and finally this year there is an interest and I really believe that it is important to do it. Because we have to show that it is possible to divert mass consumption objects to express ourselves, with games but also with the net (using wj-s to show that the net is a space of creation to quote Anne Roquigny!!)
I try to democratize this phenomenon and I hope that for many youngsters it will become a new means of expression.
Finally, I am also quite happy with a new activity I am leading this year : I train people to use Pleade, a free software developed by the company of my brother Jean Luc Arvers in Bordeaux: AJLSM. Pleade is a free software dedicated to publish archives and make them searchable. I am discovering the archive world and how the memory of a country is preserved and what is preserved and how... For me it is absolutely fascinating, i love this new job and all the people it makes me meet... Last time i was at the National Superior School to work on the archives of Michel Foucault: Les Mots et les Choses. Another time we were working on the publication of the Charcot archives about magnetism and hypnotism.... at Jussieu University.
I tend to relate that work to the net.art and digital art preservation and how bridges can be built. I am also very happy to train people in the use of free software, it comes really well with my ethics!
Check out Isabelle's selection of Machinima at Arcade Paca in Aix-en-Provence. It is part of the GAMERZ festival which remains open in various art galleries in Aix-en-Provence until 19th December, 2010.
Looks like gamescenes beat me to it! Read Game Art: Isabelle Arvers on the French Game Art scene.
The installation borrows the name of the famous tennis champion, except that the sole role humans can play here is the most humble one: picking up lost balls. That's if they dare to approach NADAL.
In NADAL's degenerated form of tennis, several tennis ball machines propel balls on a meticulously calibrated trajectory that animate and play with the architectural space.
The description of the installation was so succinct (something the French have not quite used me to!) that i decided to ask Paul Destieu a couple of questions about his curious machine:
The text on your website says that "The machine propels balls on a meticulously calibrated trajectory in order to generate a space emulation." Can you tell us how you calibrated this trajectory? How was this calibration designed (technically) and why you designed it that way? To what purpose?
The project NADAL is an attempt to develop a game of bouncing balls and trajectories which runs in loop through the space. This circuit is activated by 4 tennis ball machines, each of them functions as checkpoints for the balls and they are calibrated in order to shape a relay form. The calibration is also developed with a site specific concern, in order to produce some bouncing interactions and a vigorous circulation in the environment where it is integrated.
At the Fondation Vasarely, the circuit is based on a symmetrical pattern of trajectories and it produces a circulation all around the central column of the hexagonal shaped room. I use the several grounds/sides of the space - walls, ceiling and ground - to enable a physical activation and a confrontation with the architectural scale.
Are the tennis ball machines interacting with each other or does each one follow its own rules?
The installation is launched by a motion censor which aims at synchronizing the global circuit, then the machine is set in order to feed the other one. If the interaction between the 4 machines is reduced to a minimal level, the purview takes its revenge on the dialogue that is engaged with the architecture. The interaction is perhaps shifted to the relation between the machines and their environment which equally rules the system and articulates it.
When i saw the installation at the Fondation Vasarely i was particularly seduced by the sound. Then i was irritated, because the machine seemed to be happy to play on its own and no human was necessary, except to collect balls. I can't decide whether you made the project because you love or hate tennis. Or is project NADAL a twisted take on the ever so popular "interactivity"?
The sound definitely plays an important role in this installation. The motors produces a latent mechanical background noise punctuated by the impacts of balls. Depending on the speed of the balls, the bounces are more or less violent and echo through the space as an answer to the architecture.
The machines which are used in this installation are rudimentary kinds of tennis robots. Like every machines, their are designed with a margin of error and they love expressing it.
The project NADAL is an attempt to get close to a geometrical fantasy. By facing the limits of performance and failure, by challenging borders between a champion and a machine, it can be seen as one of the constant love & hate story (interaction) which shapes our relationship with technologies.
What are the minimum architectural space characteristics that the work requires? Is the effect of the installation completely different whether the room is larger, smaller, higher, etc?
The installation NADAL can be adapted to many configurations, but the most minimal one I could think of, still requires a basket for the machine to enable the reception of the balls and of course electricity. The first version of the project was supplied by a single machine that was looping on its own. I recently presented in Maribor, Slovenia, a version based on two arches facing each other, leading the visitor's flow on an orthogonal circuit around the looping relay.
I first imagined NADAL in an outdoor urban context, but it seems that the indoor configuration produced an efficient contrast out of the strength of the ejected balls compressed in a closed environment. That was my very late discovery of Squash, it felt like you could get a raw and physical taste of surrounding walls which could be a solid starting point of work.
In both of these practices, it seems that there is an hijacking process of the close environment. Walls and buildings loose their natures of physical borders to be turned into playgrounds. It was also my approach in this work, I tried to take advantage