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Nathalie Djurberg looks like a porcelain doll. She makes candy-coloured plasticine puppets who have orgies, who torture each other and suffer alien, abusive relationships. Sometimes they have fun but that involves a tiger licking a girl's bottom or a father who will eventually be killed by his own daughter. Djurberg, who won the Silver Lion award for best young artist at the Biennale, was the super star of Venice. I went to see her video installation three times and the room was always jam-packed with people drooling over her animations and taking photos of her monstruous sculpted flowers as if their lives depended on it. Not that i acted any differently.

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Experimentet is an installation recreating a Garden of Eden from hell. It's a garden covered with creepy flowers. They are so big they dwarf visitors, their colours and shape are nauseating. Sun never lights up the garden, it's set in a perpetual crepuscule, in the basement of the Padiglione delle Esposizioni (the ex-Padiglione Italia in the Giardini of the biennale.)

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Nathalie Djurberg, Experimentet, 2009. Photo Giorgio Zucchiatti. Courtesy La Biennale di Venezia

A music composed by Hans Berg contributes to the uncomfortable atmosphere. On the screens, 3 merciless and erotic stop-motion animations.

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One tells the story of a puppet who battles her own aggressive limbs. The second one features puppets who resort to all sort of brutishness in order to escape a hostile forest environment and the third one follows the sexual foreplay of various puppets, some of them Catholic ecclesiastics. Their sexual and sacrilegious encounters are just pretexts to highlight perverse games of power and submission.

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Image from Halvor Bodin's flickr page

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As the catalog of the biennale says: Through these minutely composed sequences of stop-motion animations, Djurberg toys with society's perceptions of right and wrong, exposing our own innate fears of what we do not understand and illustrating the complexity that arises when we are confronted with these emotions.

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Video of the installation. Designboom has more images.

Related: Nathalie Djurberg solo show at the Fondazione Prada.
The Biennale di Venezia runs until November 22 in Venice, Italy.

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Laboral Centro de Arte y Creación Industrial in Gijón, North of Spain has opened a very very very good exhibition a few days ago. FEEDFORWARD - The Angel of History addresses the current moment in history where the wreckage of political conflict and economic inequality is piling up, while globalized forces--largely enabled by the "progress" of digital information technologies--inexorably feed us forward. I'll write about it in details in the near future but i'd like to share with you straight away one of the most interesting artworks i've discovered there.

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Hasan Elahi (you probably know his ongoing project Tracking Transience) Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad 1798-2006 (2009)

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad is a transparent map that documents the use of U.S. Armed Forces by means of 22LR caliber bullets. Shooter from the Olympic Society of Shooting in Gijón shot from a distance of 25 meters (the Spanish law wouldn't allow for a closer shot) into the polycarbonate map at the precise location where each incursion has occurred since 1798. According to Congressional Research Service report for Congress, Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2006, there have been approximately 330 instances "in which the United States has used its armed forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes", or more than 1 per year.

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In places, the resulting map is a literal wreck due to the number of incidents in certain areas. It is also a map of the expanding sphere of influence of the United States, as its military reach matches its economic scope of activities.

FEEDFORWARD - The Angel of History is on view until April 5, 2010 at Laboral Centro de Arte y Creación Industrial in Gijón, Spain.

Yes! Hamburg! i didn't see it coming either.

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Artwork by Alex Diamond

Because i had wrongly assumed in the past that the size of a German city was proportionate to the importance of its airport, i was astonished to read in wikipedia that Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany (after Berlin). Well, the place might not have Munich's fancy airport but it does have some arresting buildings in construction, an impressive warehouse district, the super popular Fritz drinks and a gallery which inaugurates a series of articles that will focus on some of the most exciting art galleries i got to visit over the course of my life as a happy blogger. I went to heliumcowboy only once. I read they had a show of Boris Hoppek's work, I won't fuck with you tonight, so i took the train from Berlin and on my way back i kept wondering "How come there's no space like that in the German capital?"

I doubt there are many galleries like heliumcowboy anywhere else either. First there's that name. Charming and puzzling. Not even an interview with the gallery director has helped me uncover its origin. Then of course there's the artists the space represents. Since its opening in 2003, heliumcowboy artspace has been showcasing artists 'who are capable of pushing boundaries, are a little underground and whose aesthetic is the forecast of art.' Click through their list of artists and you'll get the point.

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Photo © 2006 heliumcowboy artspace

Finally, heliumcowboy does openings that go way beyond tepid wine, polite conversations and bags of crisps. Each new exhibition is accompanied by live music, multimedia and performance relating to the the themes of the exhibition.

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Artwork from Alex Diamond's latest show at heliumcowboy

I asked Jörg Heikhaus, the gallery director (click this way if you read german), to tell us what makes heliumcowboy such a unique and fantastic art space:

The 'about' page of the gallery defines heliumcowboy as a "hybrid cross of traditional gallery and urban exhibition lounge". I hope you will excuse my ignorance but what is an urban exhibition lounge exactly? Which role does it fulfill?

We are a traditional gallery in terms of our understanding towards the representation of artists - supporting them in any way possible, establishing them in the art world and subsequently on the market. In this context, "traditional" means that we understand and respect the processes, the knowledge- and business-demands of the industry we're a part of. The "urban exhibition lounge" sounds a bit dusty after doing this already for 6 years, but it still stands for the way we present us and our artists whenever we do shows or fairs or any other kind of exhibitions: our guests shall feel comfortable in an environment we create jointly with the artists for a young, urban generation. But you are right, after 6 years of proving our point we could shorten this whole sentence to one word: gallery.

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© Artwork by 56k. Photo © 2005 heliumcowboy artspace

Jörg Heikhaus, the founder of heliumcowboy is (along with many other talents) a graffiti artist himself. How does his practice inform/influence the selection of artists who exhibit at HC?

It's just history, the background we come from. I have no time to do art myself any longer, and the last time I stood at a wall is almost 20 years ago. So it is a "was", amongst many different things I did over the years. But because Graffiti has become a vital part of contemporary art, my past is helpful: I can fully appreciate what is happening on the streets today and how it has developed in the past years. For me, a deep understanding of the culture, ideally mixed with own experiences in Graffiti, are a prerequisite for working with Urban Art from a gallery perspective.

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© artwork by Boris Hoppek. © 2009 heliumcowboy artspace

Many of the artists represented by heliumcowboy could lazily be described as 'street artist'. Do you think that this expression "street artist" does justice to the artworks the gallery exhibits and sells?

Many of our artists "could be lazily described as ..." doing what they are best at and what we think is extraordinary and exciting about these individuals. Only few have actual roots in street art. What they all share though is a new approach to what is contemporary art, and street art and the accompanying cultural and social effects are a part of it. We started to label this as "New Urban Contemporary". We feel that one sums it up best.

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© Artworks by Nina Braun. Photo © 2008 heliumcowboy artspace

Did the recent obsession with all things Banksy have any effect on the gallery and the artists associated with it? Have these emerging artists become more appetizing for the art market? Did you get more attention from the more 'traditional' contemporary art press as well?

Urban art, Graffiti, Street art - the amazement started to cease once the markets crumbled. And traditional press is always just interested in big names, and we can't really offer celebrity hype. There are only few places reserved in the glamour section for the Banksy's of today, but there are enough deck chairs in the sun for the best, most unique and hardest working artists. We try to make sure that our artists get all support necessary to focus on their work. And besides establishing new voices in art we also know that successful communication and promotion is not a pure privilege of the "traditional" art media any longer.

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heliumcowboy booth at Basel art fair. Photo © 2008 heliumcowboy artspace

How important is it for heliumcowboy to have a booth at the Basel art fair?

To be seen outside of Hamburg, to get to know international collectors and curators, to establish a world-wide reputation - fairs are a vital part of that. Basel, despite it's small town feeling (compared to the 2 other, most important art fair locations, Miami and New York), is like a magnet for the nomadic art enthusiast. Having a booth at a premium art fair in Basel like VOLTA or SCOPE is key to being successful in Europe.

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© artwork by moki. Photo © 2008 heliumcowboy artspace

heliumcowboy artspace exhibits mostly emerging artists. Isn't that a bit risky for a middle-size city like Hamburg? Isn't the Hamburg public more used to traditional art and less likely to follow your more adventurous selection?

That's exactly why we do art fairs and exhibitions abroad. Hamburg is a good city to be headquartered with the gallery, but the contemporary art market focuses much more on exciting cities like New York, London, Berlin, etc. Also, we mainly work with international artists, this means we bring something to the city that helps improve Hamburg's reputation and is something people from here don't see that often, unless they travel.

As long as we get the visibility we need on a world-wide scale, we couldn't be happier than being in Hamburg - it's a fine city, with a vibrant art scene, good people and the best football club in the world (St. Pauli of course). There is no such thing as Hype, which is helpful if you want to develop something sustainable and of high quality. The only drawbacks are the many traditional art buyers (give 'em a painting of a ship in the harbour any time) and the lack of support from the public authorities. For the senate, contemporary art is never as important as the next musical.

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© Artworks by Christophe Lambert. Photo © 2008 heliumcowboy artspace

heliumcowboy's website is in english. Does that constitute a clue of the international clients and audience the gallery hopes to attract?

For years now, heliumcowboy artspace is an internationally recognised gallery. We have almost 60.000 unique visits every month at heliumcowboy.com. Only 15-20 % are from Germany. Most of our artists are not German. The majority of our sales are to international clients. Since 2006, we attend three major art fairs in Miami, New York and Basel every year - but not one in Germany. Our newsletter is bi-lingual, but because our website is more like a magazine with new posts every other day it would be impossible to translate with the staff we have.

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© Artworks by NeasdenControlCentre. Photo © 2007 heliumcowboy artspace

More generally how's the contemporary culture like in Hamburg? Does it work like some kind of satellite of trendy Berlin or does it have its own taste, drive and dynamics?

As I said - there is no Hype in Hamburg. It is calm and unagitated. But it definitely has it's own dynamics and flavours, and this created a unique, large cultural scene, be it in music or arts. Once you've tasted it, you won't be needing Berlin any more ...

But seriously: you can't compare these cities. Both are totally different. There seems to be more sugar in Berlin, that's why so many people move there ...

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© 2008 heliumcowboy artspace. © photos by diephotodesigner.de

Can you explain us the name? heliumcowboy?

Over a couple of beers, because that's how it came up... however, I like the image of the hard-working, earth-bound cowboy in contrast to helium, an inert gas, that (at least as the result of a physical chain reaction) makes the stars shine ...

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Artwork from Alex Diamond's latest exhibition at heliumcowboy

Thanks Jörg (and Nadine who helped me set up the interview!)

Don't worry 'bout a thing (Being Alex Diamond) runs until November 13 at heliumcowboy in Hamburg, Germany.

I've been to Oslo twice over the past few weeks. That was quite enough to enchant me.

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Anyone know what this art work might be?

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If you happen to be in Oslo this week, don't miss Hans E. Thorsen's re-interpretation of Edens Hage at the 0047 gallery.

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Arne Lindaas in front of the original Edens Hage (image)

Last June one of Oslo's most well known public artworks, Edens Hage (The Garden of Eden) by Arne Lindaas, was removed from the walls of the Hammersborg tunnel in the center of Oslo. It was decided that the artwork, painted in 1972, could not stand pollution, graffiti and the passing of time any longer. Besides, a renovation of the tunnel was due. It has not been decided whether Edens Hage will reappear on the wall one day.

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Young artist Hans E. Thorsen paid homage to the iconic public artwork by inviting the public to help him recreate the mystical figures of Edens Hage on the white walls of the 0047 gallery. The artist drew the outlines of the figures and gallery visitors were handed black paint and brushes to fill in the silhouettes.

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With this project, Thorsen wishes to explore how the reconstruction of another artists work can be worked into ones own production and how the public artwork will transform inside the white cube, with its many corners and structures. Edens Hage - Inspired by Arne Lindaas, is a tribute to the original artwork and looks at the collective affection towards a public artwork.

Besides, the wall painting raises an issue much discussed in architects, artists and restorers circles: Is it better to recreate a building or artwork exactly as it used to be before its destruction or decay or should we instead choose to pay homage to the work in a more creative way?

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Edens Hage - inspired by Arne Lindaas is on view until October 25, 2009 at the 0047 gallery in Oslo. More images in this lovely flickr set.

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Ever since i found about his tattoos on the pin-ups and luchadores appearing in vintage Mexican magazines, i was in love Dr Lakra. The tattoo artist lives in Mexico. A couple of weeks ago i was in Mexico too and there was a solo show of Dr Lakra at the kurimanzutto gallery. I felt like the happiest person in the world. Now, in retrospect, i feel that i'd been happier had i not forgotten in a taxi my lovely camera with all the images i had taken at the exhibition.

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Dr Lakra, Black Gordman, 2003

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The Kurimanzutto exhibition shows a few framed ink on paper from the Health & Efficiency series. A few years ago, the artist was strolling around the Sunday market on Brick Lane in London. He bought for a few pounds a stack of nudist magazines. He brought the lot home and adorned the illustrations with gothic creatures, horny skeletons, penises on legs, SM accessories and of course the ladies get covered with tattoo and semen in the process. Planet mag has some images.

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Dr. Lakra, Sin título (March 1950), 2008,

The rest of the exhibition, however, is drawn directly over the gallery walls.

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Image Geraldine Juarez

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Image Jamie Allen

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Image kurimanzutto gallery

The characters, stylistic references, scenes, close-ups, expressions and texts of Dr Lakra's huge drawing come from all kinds of sources. There are female African figures, Japanese characters, scientific, medical and anthropological illustrations of the nineteenth century, 'porn' photo-novels, images in record covers, film scenes, publicity found in vintage magazines, and graffiti-.

Because i can not really afford any artwork by Dr Lakra, i bought the wonderful little book Dr. Lakra, Health & Efficiency, published by Editorial RM, Mexico City.

More images of his work at the Gallery Kate MacGary.

Related: Afterthoughts: Goth exhibit at the Yokohama Museum, Japan.

Hasselt is a small Belgian city so clean and quiet i wouldn't want to be stuck there for more than 4 hours. Yet i've visited it again and again these past couple of years. They have one of the most interesting art centers in this part of Europe. Located in a former beguinage, Arts centre Z33 explores the fringes between contemporary plastic arts and design by creating exhibition projects that draw attention to social developments and scientific phenomena.

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The current exhibition, Work Now, wishes to reflect upon the concept and meaning of 'work' in today's society. Whether we live in a time of crisis or economic growth, work does not only take most of our available time, it often takes an important role in the way we define our sense of identity. The (art)works in 'Work Now' throw light, or simply invite to reflect, on issues such as flexibility, mobility, motivation, significance, and the work-life balance.

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View of the exhibitions space. Photo: Kristof Vrancken for Z33

The exhibition features many names you've probably heard about before in these pages and elsewhere. There's Santiago Sierra, Aaron Koblin, Molleindustria, Dan Perjovschi, Artur Zmijewski, Marti Guixe, Hella Jongerius, Atelier Van Lieshout, etc. But i also discovered exciting artists.

Well, one at least. The work of Helmut Stallaerts only made it worth the trip to Hasselt.

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Helmut Stallaerts, Pan- optic, 2007

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Helmut Stallaerts, Pan- optic, 2007 (detail of the installation)

In Hasselt, Helmut Stallaerts was showing the Prophecy triptych as well as a stunning Pan-Optic installation with a complex and intriguing imagery. The Pan-Optic features scenes inhabited by tiny figurines that look like the ones architects use on their models to show the scale of a building. Except that in Stallaerts' construction, the figurines have been given a detailed face and clothing that give them a personality. The scenes they are involved in seem easy to identify: a working office, a stiff business meeting, an encounter in the woods, etc. Except that something in the atmosphere keeps them aloof and mysterious. The models are also portrayed in close-up on the twenty-eight b&w photos that do nothing to clear the plot for visitors.

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Santiago Sierra, The Anarchists, 2006 (video still)

Santiago Sierra's video The Anarchists questioned the relationship between motivation and work. The artist invited eight young militant anarchists to face a blank wall and listen to the traditional Christmas mass celebrated by the Pope on December 25th, 2006, wearing a black capirote. The pointy hat was used during the Spanish inquisition, where the condemned person would be forced to wear one and be put under public humiliation. The anarchists were each paid 100 euro.

The artist's work has often explored in a subversive way issues dealing with capitalism, the structure of labour market, and exploitation. The Anarchists is one of many artworks that saw Sierra pay people to do pretty absurd things. For 160 CM Line Tattooed on 4 People (2000), he gave a syringe of heroin to four drug-addicted prostitutes who accepted to have a line tattooed on their backs in exchange. A few months later, he artist paid 10 Cubans $20 each to masturbate in front of his camera. In 2004, he hired ten Iraqi immigrants, aligned them in an art gallery and sprayed on their backs with polyurethane then waited for it to harden. There's more to be scandalized about in this TateShots video:

The demand for mobility and worker's flexibility is a general parameter that has come to characterize the organisation of labour since the middle of the seventies. The parameter has started to be come under severe pressure since the onset of the current crisis. Whether the crisis is severe enough to initiate a re-evaluation of this model remains yet to be seen. What is certain is that when this occurs, and another model presents itself, the effects will also be felt at the level of work organisation.

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In The Sheep Market, Aaron Koblin plays with and investigates the Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk, a crowdsourcing service that enables computer programs to harness the brain of people who have nothing better to do in order to perform tasks which computers are unable to do. Taking its cue from Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's book The Little Prince, Koblin offered 2 dollar cents to any web user in exchange of the drawing of a sheep facing to the left. The result is mesmerizing: 10, 000 sheep, each different from the other. The sheep drawers were pretty upset when the artist told them he was going to sell the drawings.

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Aaron Koblin, The Sheep Market. Photo: Kristof Vrancken

Performing tasks through 'Mechanical Turk' no longer implies a (job) function, but only the execution of isolated tasks; tasks which are difficult for a computer but simple enough for a broad audience. Technology-assisted flexibility turned upside down.

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Theo Deutinger, World at Work. Photo: Kristof Vrancken

World At Work by Theo Deutinger (a pretty interesting architect and info graphic designer) is a worldclock that represent worldwide working patterns. Because our day/night rhythm is based on the natural course of the Earth, the central elements of the clock are the orbit and rotation of our planet. The clock shows the times on which different parts of the world population are working, sleeping or enjoying leisure time. By taking the working day from nine to five as the point of departure, the clock reveals the unbalanced division of labor between the various time zones on our planet. At the least busy time only 2% of the world's population is at work, while at the busiest time a staggering 80% toil away. While most of the world population is sleeping, the Americas are at work. When they go home from work, the workforce of Asia wakes up and heads to their jobs. When Europe and Africa join later, 3/4 of the world population are busy earning a living.

The work takes the form of a website and an installation that enable visitor to manipulate the world clock by means of a control panel.

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Julien Prévieux, Lettres de non-motivation, ongoing

Julien Prévieux's ongoing series of Lettres de non-motivation /Uncovering Letters make me laugh out loud. Prévieux responded to authentic job openings in the newspaper by submitting a cover letter in which he explains in great length why he has no interest in the vacant position. Pretending the offers were meant for him, he writes the company he is not interested in the ridiculously low wages they offer, derides the appalling layout of the job ad, warns them he has no intention to be polite to clients or tell them his best asset is his skate-boarding skills. There's a translation of one of his letters over here. Amusingly, Human Resources employees either send them the usual polite answer ("despite your evident competence, we are sorry to blablabla") or take Prévieux letter seriously and send him an answer that betrays how offended they are by Prévieux' sincerity. The job offer, the 'uncovering' letter and the reply are shown as a triptych. Behind the facetious character of each letter, one can read a real and acute critique of business recruitment procedures and more generally, the way some corporations and other employers take advantage of the context of general underemployment in France.

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Nancy Davenport, Workers (leaving the factory), 2007 (video stills), image courtesy of Nicole Klagsbrun Gallery

I made a picture set but Z33 has a much better images.
Work Now, an exhibition curated by Karen Verschooren, is on view until September 27 at Z33 in Hasselt, Belgium.

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